Advantages And Disadvantages Of A Corporation Things To Know

Nonprofit corporations are generally those that serve a scientific, literary, education, artistic or charitable purpose that benefits the public. Corporations are also examined as separate entities from their shareholders. There are many categories of corporations, such as C corporations, S corporations, B corporations, closed corporations and non-profit corporations. Some alternative solutions to corporations include limited partnerships, joint ventures, LLCs and cooperatives.

  1. In a few states, nonprofits may also have to file separately for state tax exemption status.
  2. Limited liability businesses are more lucrative to investors as investing in corporations ensures they don’t have to pay for any liabilities above their capital.
  3. For example, you must maintain spotless records and manage a complicated corporation tax refund.
  4. A corporation provides more personal asset liability protection to its owners than any other type of entity.
  5. Just because a business incorporates itself does not mean that lenders will automatically offer loans or a line of credit.

Corporation has a board of directors that is elected by shareholders. Every shareholder gets one vote per share in selecting the directors. If you’re ready to take your business to the next level or have questions about incorporating, post your legal need in UpCounsel’s marketplace. UpCounsel’s lawyers have an average of 14 years experience, and since 95 percent of attorneys are screened out, you’ll only find professionals from the best law schools like Harvard and Yale. There are many benefits to incorporating in Delaware, but there are drawbacks, too. You should speak with a legal expert to figure out the smartest move for your company.

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Both Corporations and LLCs offer you an opportunity to protect your assets. You can properly structure your business to enjoy limited liability status with the right legal advice. This means that your rights and obligations would be different from your business. Business debtors, therefore, cannot claim your personal property in case the company is unable to pay them. For starters, LLCs do not have shareholder limitations, and corporations do.

Difficult to form

Without a distinct business entity, however, there’s no legal difference between the business’s assets, debts and other liabilities and those of the owner. Unlike a corporation, this means the owner is directly on the hook for any legal or financial failures of the business. Sole proprietorship is the simplest structure for a one-owner business, giving the owner few regulatory burdens and a high degree of control and flexibility.

The ownership of a company varies with the number of shares you hold. Let’s learn about the advantages and disadvantages of a corporation to decide if incorporating is right for you. If you have more questions about public corporations or need help forming a corporation, you can post your legal need on UpCounsel’s marketplace.

UpCounsel accepts only the top 5 percent of lawyers to its site. Another advantage to the corporation designation is the ease of funding. Corporations can transfer ownership by buying or selling its shares. Public corporations have a much easier time than private companies to exchange shares, but regardless, corporations offer its members the easiest means for transferring ownership. If a corporate entity is not suitable for your business, some alternatives are sole proprietorships, partnerships, LLCs, and cooperatives.

There are a number of stipulations to operate as an S-corp that may disqualify or disincentivize a business otherwise seeking the S-corp benefits. Perhaps most important are the strict limits around shareholders. S-corporations can’t exceed more than 100 shareholders, effectively ruling out corporations that want to go public. A judge can rule that your LLC structure doesn’t protect your personal assets.


In terms of disadvantages, corporations are required to observe strict formalities and may be subject to expensive double taxation. Before discussing the disadvantages of corporations, it may be helpful to know that a corporation is a business that is a legal entity of its own. Corporations provide liability protection for those who start them. Other business structures, such as a limited liability company (LLC), also provide this protection.

As you might expect, this annual registration always requires paying a fee, adding to your organization’s operating costs. When a corporation pays dividends to its shareholders, the company is not allowed to deduct these payments from its income. Before discussing the advantages and disadvantages of a corporation, we must first understand what makes up a corporation. The simple definition of a corporation is a legal business entity that exchanges ownership of a company, also known as stock, through shares. Most corporations face double taxation (C-corps), which means that the business income is taxed at the entity level as well as the shareholder level (based on their percentage of profits earned).

It is wise to consult with an expert before forming a corporation. They will help you make an informed decision and can assist you in the filing process as well. A closed corporation is a privately held company owned by a few shareholders. Some types of corporations are S corporations, C corporations, closed corporations, disadvantages of corporation and non-profit corporations. Otherwise, Uncle Sam has the right to tax you as a C corp if your records do not meet the S- corporation’s legal requirements. To maintain your corporation status, you have to follow many formalities and strict regulations that require an investment of both time and energy.

Also, a corporation is governed by a board of directors instead of an individual owner. While forming a corporation can be very beneficial, you won’t have control of your company the way you would with a sole proprietorship. Corporations are required to file an annual report in many states, for example, and the fee for this report can be $150 or more. Forming a nonprofit corporation is even more difficult because of the increased paperwork. Aside from meeting state requirements, nonprofit corporations must obtain a tax exempt status from the IRS, and simply applying for this status costs $750. Some states require that nonprofit corporations apply for tax exempt status at both the state and the federal level.

He graduated from Georgia Tech with a Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering and received an MBA from Columbia University. Additionally, there are legal requirements and annual documentation that must be submitted. Because there are many government agencies that monitor corporations, fulfilling the paperwork necessary to meet all requirements can be cumbersome.

HOWEVER, both LLC and corporations provide the opportunity to deduct many typical business expenses such as salaries as well. A private company has a small group of investors who are unable to sell their shares to the general public. The requirements of the SEC and the stock exchanges are rigorous, so comparatively few corporations are publicly-held. In addition to appointing a board of directors and holding annual meetings, you will have to follow the correct rules for selling stock.

The Disadvantages of Corporate Governance

In an effort to help small businesses stay competitive, the Treasury proposed a solution that could give small, American businesses a leg up—at least until they reached a certain size. After reviewing IRS information on S-corp filing requirements and eligibility requirements, a business must submit Form 2553. Though other corporations (C corporations) are liable to tax, other large corporations (S corporations) have tax benefits depending on how their resources are distributed. For example, you have to file forms with the IRS within two months and 15 days of the beginning of the tax year to designate your business an S corporation for that year. Or you can make the change one year and have it take effect the following year, according to the IRS. However, a large portion of the time, establishing it as a sole proprietorship can be a big mistake.

More audits occur underneath the corporate structure, especially with S-corp companies, than any other with the current tax law. If you or someone within the company were to make one simple mistake on your forms, then it could be enough for the government to drop this status. With the number of obligations required in this category, it can make management a bit tricky when compared to the B- or C-corp status. Income losses don’t receive the same treatment under the tax law. Sole proprietors and some general partnerships or LLCs can deduct expenses from business operations to the extent where an income loss occurs.

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